Historical Periods Pre-history until 1497 Spanish Rule 15131763 British Rule 17631783 Spanish Rule 17831821 U.S. Territorial Period 18221845 Statehood 1845present Major Events American Revolutionary War 17751783 War of 1812 1811-1814 First Seminole War 1817-1818 Capitol moved to Tallahassee 1824 Second Seminole War 1835-1842 Constitutional convention 1838 Third Seminole War 1855-1858 Ordinance of Secession 1861 Civil War 18611865 3rd Constitution 1865 Reconstruction 18651868 4th Constitution 1868 5th Constitution 1885 Great Migration 19101930 Land Boom 19251929 6th Constitution 1968 Gore v. Harris 2000 Presidential Election 2000
1620 - The Pilgrim Colonists entered Cape Cod harbour, signed the Mayflower Compact and landed fifteen or sixteen men to explore the coast.
1621 - The Pilgrims held their first full Sunday meeting on shore, most of the town of Plymouth being built.
1621 - Death of Rose Standish, wife of the Captain of Plymouth.
1621- A meeting at Plymouth was held which determined the manner and division of labour in building the town: "The germ and bud of the N. E. Town Meeting"
1630 - John Winthrop and others of the Massachusetts Bay Colony arrived at Salem.
1631 - The ship Lyon from Bristol, Eng., arrived at Boston, with Roger Williams, and supplies for the Colony.
1635 - Boston Latin School founded. Among the early pupils were Benjamin Franklin and Samuel Adams.
1636 - The General Court voted £400 to found a college. This was the beginning of Harvard University.
1638 - Reverend John Harvard left property to the college valued at £750, and gave it to his valuable library. In honor of the gift, the College was named Harvard College.
1639 - The citizens of Dorchester established a free school for the town.
1673 - The first Postal Service was established to go between New York and Boston, monthly.
1675 - King Philip's War began at Swansea, Massachusetts
1692 - The Court of Salem, Mass., began its fateful trials for witchcraft
1692 - Five persons were hanged for witchcraft at Salem, Rev. George Burroughs among them.
1699 - Treaty of Peace ratified between Massachusetts and the Sagamores of the Maine Indians.
1704 - First issue of the Boston News Letter, the first American newspaper.
1706 - Benjamin Franklin was born in Boston.
1711 - The English fleet, for the conquest of Canada, arrived in Boston harbour.
1721 - The first observance of Thanksgiving Day, at Plymouth, begun on Thursday, closed with a state dinner on Saturday.
1731 - The boundary line between New York and Massachusetts was settled.1755 - The Town Meeting of Sharon, Mass. as the custom long had been, took action on the salary of their minister.
1770 - Battle of Golden Hill, Mass. First blood shed in defence of American Colonial rights.
1774 - Gen Gage became the last Royal Governor of Massachusetts
1775 - Parliament declared Massachusetts to be in Rebellion.
Source: A Year Book of Colonial Times Compiled by the Rev. Frederick S. Sill, D.D. Member of the Society of Colonial Wars, E. P. Dutton & Company, New York, 1899
1498 The Native Indians of Massachusetts included the The Native Indians of Massachusetts were the Mohican, Nauset and the Massachuset Italian explorer John Cabot ( Giovanni Caboto ) explores the coast for the English 1602 Bartholomew Gosnold (1572 - 1607 ) the English explorer and colonizer explores coast 1604 Samuel de Champlain (1567-1635) French explorer and navigator maps the coast 1606 King James I grants charter to Plymouth Company (also called Virginia Company of Plymouth, organized 1606 by King James I of England to establish colonies in America 1607 Jamestown established - the first permanent English-speaking settlement in the New World 1614 Captain John Smith (1580-1631) maps the coast 1620 The Mayflower sails from Plymouth, England and after a journey of sixty-six days anchors in Plymouth harbor, and the Pilgrims established a settlement John Winthrop, English Puritan leader (1587-1649), arrives in Massachusetts with 1,000 settlers 1621 The first Thanksgiving was celebrated by the Pilgrims in Plymouth 1626 John Endecott (1588-1665) Puritan colonial leader known for his intolerance of religious dissenters founds the Puritan colony at Naumkeag (later Salem) with Roger Conant (1592-1679) 1629 Massachusetts Bay Company chartered 1675 1675 - 1677: King Philip's War so named after Metacomet of the Wampanoag tribe, who was called Philip by the English. The war was bloody and bitterly fought by the colonists against the Native Indians. During King Philip's War, up to one third of America's white population was wiped out. This war proved to be the final struggle by the Native Americans of Massachusetts 1692 The Salem Witchcraft trials last for three months from June to September 1756 1756 - 1763: The Seven Years War (French and Indian War) due to disputes over land is won by Great Britain. France gives England all French territory east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans. The Spanish give up east and west Florida to the English in return for Cuba. 1763 1763 - 1767 Legal battles were settled by a survey -- which resulted in the Mason-Dixon line, surveyed by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon, establishing Maryland's northern boundary 1775 1775 - 1783 - The American Revolution creates the United States of America. The Revolution was due to the British burden of taxes and total power to legislate any laws governing the American colonies 1776 July 4, 1776 - United States Declaration of Independence 1778 July 10, 1778 - France declares war against Britain and makes an alliance with the American revolutionary forces 1783 September 3, 1783 - The Treaty of Paris is signed by the victorious United States and the defeated Great Britain 1788 Statehood - The Date that Massachusetts was admitted to the Union - February 6, 1788. Constitution - Massachusetts was the 6th State to be admitted to the Union. State Motto - " Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem " the State Motto is translated as " By the sword we seek Peace, but Peace only under Liberty " 1812 1812 - 1815: The War of 1812 between U.S. and Great Britain, ended in a stalemate but confirmed America's Independence 1861 1861 - 1865: The American Civil War. In 1859 John Brown raided Harpers Ferry and set in motion events that led directly to the outbreak of the Civil War. Abraham Lincoln, a known opponent of slavery, was elected president and in 1861 the South Secedes. The initial Secession of South Carolina was followed by the secession of Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, and North Carolina. These eleven states eventually formed the Confederate States of America. The bombardment of Fort Sumter was the opening engagement of the American Civil War. 1865 The surrender of Robert E. Lee on April 9 1865 signalled the end of the Confederacy 1865 1865 December 6 - The Abolishment of Slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified, thus officially abolishing slavery 1898 1898-1901 The Spanish American War. On December 10, 1898 the Treaty of Paris the US annexes Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines. 1498 English explorer, John Cabot, sailed along Massachusetts coast 1602 Bartholomew Gosnold explored coast; named Cape Cod due to codfish found in bay 1604 Samuel de Champlain mapped coast 1607 Three ships arrived from England with 104 men and boys; settlers named river James after the king; established Jamestown settlement 1614 Capt. John Smith mapped coast 1620 Mayflower arrived at Cape Cod; Pilgrims established settlement named Plymouth 1621 Pilgrims signed treaty with Wampanoag Indians; celebrated first Thanksgiving 1628 John Endicott established settlement at Salem 1629 Masssachusetts Bay Company chartered 1630 Boston founded; later named capital of the Massachusetts Bay Colony 1634 Boston Common first public park in U.S. 1635 Roger Williams banished from Massachusetts due to religious disputes 1636 Harvard College established 1639 First Post Office in U. S. established in Boston at Richard Fairbanks' tavern; Mather School, first free public school founded 1643 New England Confederation formed to oppose Indian and Dutch attacks 1675 Settlers attacked by Indians during King Phillip's War 1676 King Phillip's War ended 1684 Massachusetts charter annulled 1686 Oxford, first non-Puritan town established; Dominion of New England established 1692 Massachusetts granted new charter, became royal colony with Maine and Plymouth; witchcraft trials held in Salem 1716 First lighthouse in America, "The Boston Light" built in Boston Harbor 1763 Indian wars ended 1770 British troops fired on crowd at Custom House in Boston, killed five men 1773 Boston Tea Party - Colonists threw tea into Boston Harbor in protest of high taxes 1775 First battle of American Revolution fought at Lexington and Concord; Paul Revere made famous ride; first ship of U.S. Navy commissioned 1776 British troops forced to evacuate from Boston by Colonial troops; first major victory of American Revolution; Massachusetts resident, John Hancock, first to sign Declaration of Independence 1780 John Hancock became first elected governor; state constitution adopted 1785 Rebellion of farmers led by Daniel Shay, protested excessive taxation, government systems, unfair treatment of working people 1788 Massachusetts became sixth U S. state 1796 John Adams, Quincy, became U. S. president 1820 Massachusetts and Maine separated 1824 John Quincy Adams, of Quincy, elected U. S. President 1826 First American railroad built in Quincy 1831 The Liberator, anti-slavery newspaper, published in Boston 1833 Constitutional amendment separated church and state, Puritanism in government ended 1837 Samuel Morse invented Morse Code 1839 Charles Goodyear produced first vulcanized rubber in Woburn 1840 Typewriter invented by Charles Thurber 1845 Elias Howe invented sewing maching in Boston 1846 Use of anesthesia surgery first demonstrated by dentist, Dr. William T. G. Morton, at Massachusetts General Hospital 1850 First National Women's Rights Convention held in Worcester 1860's Massachusetts sent over 160,000 troops to battle in Civil War 1876 Alexander Graham Bell demonstrated first telephone in Boston 1877 Helen Magill White became first woman in U. S. to earn Ph.D. at Boston University 1891 First basketball game played in Springfield; machine invented by James Henry Mitchell mass-produced first Fig Newton Cookies 1897 First subway in America opened in Boston 1903 First trans-Atlantic radio broadcast between President Theodore Roosevelt and King Edward VII of Great Britain at Marconi Station at Wellfleet 1907 First motorized fire wagon developed by Knox Manufacturing Company 1912 Textile workers went on strike in Lawrence 1923 Calvin Coolidge became U. S. President 1925 Edith Nourse Rogers first woman elected to U. S. House of Representatives; introduced GI Bill 1942 Boston nightclub fire killed 492 people 1947 Percy Spencer invented microwave oven; Edwin Land demonstrated Poloroid Land Camera; Dr. Sidney Farber introduced chemotherapy as cancer treatment 1954 First medically successful kidney transplant was performed in Boston 1957 Massachusetts Turnpike opened 1960 John F. Kennedy became U. S. President 1961 First nuclear-powered surface vessel launched at Quincy 1963 President John F. Kennedy assassinated 1966 Edward W. Brooke first black elected to U. S. Senate 1974 Federal Court ordered integration of Boston schools; whites held boycotts and demonstrations against integrated busing program 1985 Harvard University celebrated 350th anniversary 1987 Construction began on "Big Dig" in Boston 1988 George H.W. Bush became U. S. President 2001 ACT, based in Worcester, created human embryo clone 2002 Roman Catholic Church sex abuse scandals made public; resignations and settlements followed 2004 Same-sex marriage rights approved; Boston Red Sox won World Series; Democratic National Convention held in Boston 2006 Legislature enacted first plan in U. S. for Massachusetts citizens to receive universal health insurance coverage 2007 Water leaks in new tunnels of "Big Dig" caused ceiling collapse, killed one; Boston Red Sox won World Series 2009 Sen. Edward Kennedy died 2010 Republican Scott Brown elected to seat left vacant by Sen. Kennedy's death Information from various sources
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